About the 1st Circuit

The 1st Circuit covers Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. It has six seats, none of which are vacant. Currently, four judges are male and two are female. One is Hispanic.

Reproductive Rights in the 1st Circuit

Grade: C+

The states in the 1st Circuit receive an average grade of C+ regarding reproductive rights. Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island have mixed records on reproductive rights legislation. Over the years, courts have struck down various laws that attempted to impinge further on reproductive freedom. However, these states continue to face legal challenges in the courts, and it will be up to the judges who sit on the 1st Circuit Court to decide whether or not to uphold laws restricting a woman's right to reproductive choice.

NCJW thanks the NARAL Pro-Choice America Foundation for the use of data contained in the "2005 Report Card on Women’s Reproductive Rights" included in Who Decides? The Status of Women's Reproductive Rights in the United States, 14th edition, 2005 In this publication, NARAL Pro-Choice America assigned each state and the District of Columbia a letter grade based on the nature of reproductive rights laws in 19 categories. These grades were averaged to offer a general overview of the status of reproductive rights in each circuit.
Pending Nominees to the 1st Circuit Court of Appeals


Judges on the 1st Circuit Court of Appeals

Michael Boudin, Chief Judge,
appointed 05/26/89 by President George Bush

Juan R. Torruella,
appointed 10/04/84 by President Ronald Reagan

Bruce M. Selya,
appointed 10/14/86 by President Ronald Reagan

Sandra L. Lynch,
appointed 03/17/95 by President William Clinton

Kermit V. Lipez,
appointed 04/02/96 by President William Clinton

Jeffrey Howard,
appointed 05/07/02 by President George W. Bush